Acupuncture Analgesia:: A Review of Its Mechanisms of Actions


The mechanism of acupuncture analgesia (AA) has been widely explored since the 1970s. Early studies investigated the relationship between acupuncture and endogenous opiates (?-endorphin, enkephal...

The HPA Axis: The "Home" of Alcoholism


The article focuses on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis which is said to be the home of alcoholism. A test has been conducted to monitor the performance of this axis under various co...

The Effect of Minerals on Pain


The article focuses on the effects of mineral deficiencies on pain. The deficiency in copper affects the endogenous control of pain perception because it lowers enkephalin levels. Magnesium defic...

Syndicate content